Jainism in India

Jainism in India

  • Founded by Rishabhanath.
  • There were 24 Tirthankaras (Prophets or Gurus), all Kshatriyas.
  • First was Rishabhanath (Emblem: Bull).
  • The 23rd Tirthankar Parshwanath (Emblem: Snake) was the son of King Ashvasena of Banaras. His main teachings were: Non-injury, Non-lying, Non-stealing, and Non-possession.
  • The 24th & the last Tirthankar was Vardhman Mahavira (Emblem: Lion).

Vardhman Mahavira History:

  • He was born in Kundagram (Distt Muzaffarpur, Bihar) in 599 BC.
  • His father Siddhartha was the head of the Jnatrika clan. His mother was Trishla, sister of Lichchavi Prince Chetak of Vaishali.
  • Mahavira was related to Bimbisara.
  • Married to Yashoda, had a daughter named Priyadarsena, whose husband Jamali became his first disciple.
  • At 30, after the death of his parents, he became an ascetic.
  • In the 13th year of his asceticism (on the 10th of Vaishakha), outside the town of Jrimbhikgrama, he attained supreme knowledge (Kaivalya).
  • From now on he was called Jaina or Jitendriya & Mahavira, & his followers were named Jains. He also got the title of Arihant, i.e., worthy.
  • At the age of 72, he attained death at Pava, near Patna, in 527 BC.
  • Note: In Jainism, three Ratnas (Triratnas) are given & they are
  • called the way to Nirvana. They are Right Faith, Right Knowledge & Right Conduct.

History of Jain Councils:

First Council: Held at Pataliputra by Sthulabhadra at the beginning of the third century BC. It resulted in the compilation of 12 Angas to replace 14 Purves.
Second Council: It was held at Vallabhi (Gujarat) in the fifth century AD under the leadership of Devridhigani.

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